Is working from home during COVID-19 associated with increased sports participation?
- Grubben, M, Wiertsema, S., Hoekman, R.H.A., Kraaykamp, G.
- 12 p.
Previous research has focused mainly on the association between working from home (WFH) and physical activity, establishing that physical activity diminished among people WFH during the COVID-19 pandemic.
In this study, the authors investigated the association between WFH and specifically sports participation (competitive and non-competitive). We theorized that WFH would offer individuals additional opportunities to practice sports during the pandemic.
Governmental restrictions at the time constrained opportunities to participate in organized sports and in sports with others. The authors, therefore, expected sports participation during the pandemic to be largely restricted to individual participation and participation at home or in the public space.
By means of descriptive analyses and adjusted analyses of variance (n = 1506), we found positive associations between WFH and various aspects of sports participation.
Lower-educated individuals, in particular, seem to be benefiting from WFH related to their sports participation in the public space, and economically deprived individuals also seem to be benefiting from WFH in regard to their sports participation at home.
The findings extend the literature on physical activity and sports participation among people who worked from home during the COVID-19 pandemic while offering implications for policies on WFH, sports opportunities in public space and physical activity-friendly environments.