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Variety in hybridity in sport organizations and their coping strategies.

Lucassen, J.M.H., Bakker, S. de
New York
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
European Journal for Sport and Society, Volume 13, Number 1, 75-94, doi: 10.1080/16138171.2016.11553880

The governance of national governing bodies of sports such as sport federations is becoming increasingly complex. An important driver of this is the widening of the scope of activities of these federations, from servicing local sports clubs of providing sport activities, to involvement in professional sports and media business and aspiring to a wider social role in accordance with governmental objectives. This development is analyses from the viewpoint of hybridization of organizations. Hybrydity appears when organizations cannot (or can no longer) be described as completely belonging to the civil communities, private sector, or state sector and become an organization containing a mix of sectorial, structural, and/or mission related elements. Quantitative and qualitative data is used to analyse how many of the national sport federations become more hybrid in their goals, use of resources, governance model and even in their identity. Since hybridity can create problematic tensions and governance dilemmas, the way in which the federations react to this development has also been studied. Hybridity has consequences for the role of different stakeholders in the governance process. Not all federations are involved in hybridization, but if they are, they are capable of coping with this by adapting their strategy. Some of them, however, are opting to develop into branch organizations and become fully hybrid organizations.

dit is een artikel uit :
European Association for Sociology of Sport (EASS) (2016). European journal for sport and society (ISSN: 1613-8171). New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group